Maryville HIST122 2022 March Complete Course Latest (Full)

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 1 Discussion

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Industrialization after the Civil War

For This Discussion Prompt:

Please read the Canvas content, as well as the assigned readings for Week 1. Hyperlinks to the 3 assigned documents for this assignment can be found below:

“William Graham Sumner on the Social Gospel”

“Henry George, Progress and Poverty”

“Andrew Carnegie, The Gospel of Wealth”

 Based on what you read, please address the following questions:

Who best understood the reasons for poverty in the late nineteenth century?  Whose opinions do you most disagree with?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 2 Discussion

What was the so-called “Indian Problem?”

For This Discussion Prompt:

This week, You read two very different descriptions of American Indian life from Chief Joseph of the Nez Perces and President Chester A. Arthur.  Hyperlinks to the documents can be found below:

“Chief Joseph on Indian Affairs”

“Chester A. Arthur on American Indian Policy”

 Based on what you read, answer this question:

Why did so many American Indians suffer from conditions of poverty?  How might those problems be addressed?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 3 Discussion

The Birth of a Nation

For This Discussion Prompt:

For this week, you were asked to watch a few scenes from the film The Birth of a Nation.  If you haven’t watched the movie clip yet, go back to The Birth of a Nation (1915) Canvas page to view the clip.

Based on what you watched, answer these questions:What do you think this movie suggested about the Civil War and reconciliation after the war?  Who were the real enemies in this war?

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 4 Discussion

The New Deal and Its Discontents

For This Discussion Prompt:

As you’ve seen so far this week, many in the US were unsatisfied with the New Deal.  Many thought that Roosevelt had not gone far enough to meet the challenges of the Great Depression.  Others thought that Roosevelt had gone too far.

For this discussion, you’ll need to read the two previous Canvas pages. The first by Franklin Roosevelt–which presents his justification for what he called his New Deal.  The other–by Herbert Hoover–explains why he thinks that Roosevelt’s New Deal betrayed American principles. 

Haven’t Read These Pages Yet? Read Them Now!

Franklin Roosevelt’s Acceptance Speech 1936

Herbert Hoover on the New Deal

 Once you’ve read these Canvas pages, answer the following questions in the discussion space below.

Based upon what you read for today, why did Roosevelt feel as though the New Deal preserved freedom in America?

Why did Hoover perceive the New Deal as a threat to freedom in America?

In the end, with whom do you agree?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 5 Discussion

From Rosie to Lucy

For This Discussion Prompt:

Based upon what you read in After the Fact “Chapter 14: From Rosie to Lucy” and from what you saw from the episode of “I Love Lucy” you watched please address the following questions:

What was it about the mass culture of the 1950s that bothered Betty Friedan?  Would you agree with Friedan’s criticisms of the way the mass media presented women in the 1950s?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 6 Discussion

Differences between Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcom X

For This Discussion Prompt:

For many in the 1960s–and since–Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcom X represented polar opposites in the black freedom struggle.  Early in Malcolm X’s national career, he referred to Martin Luther King Jr. as “a fool,” “a chump,” “a traitor,” and a number of other names.  For his part, King thought that Malcolm X’s movement would never succeed in accomplishing black equality within the United States.  King believed the only possible outcome of Malcolm X’s movement would be misery for all Americans but particularly for black Americans.

Clearly the two men disagreed with one another about the black freedom struggle.  They disagreed about the goals of the movement.  They disagreed about how to go about accomplishing their different goals.

For this discussion, you’ll need to read the two previous Canvas pages. The first by Martin Luther King, and his work entitled “The Ethical Demands for Integration” from 1963.  Also, read the interview between Malcolm X and A.B. Spellman.

Haven’t Read These Pages Yet? Read Them Now!

Martin Luther King, “The Ethical Demands for Integration” 1963

Interview between Malcolm X and A.B. Spellman

Once you’ve read these Canvas pages, answer the following questions in the discussion space below.

 What were the core differences between Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr.?

How were their goals different?

How were their methods different? 

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 7 Discussion

Dewey Burton and “Malaise” in the 1970s

Haven’t Read These Pages Yet? Read Them Now!

“Dewey Burton and the White Working Class in the 1970s” found on Canvas.

Once you’ve read these Canvas pages, answer the following questions in the discussion space below.

Why was Dewey Burton nervous about his future–and his kids’ future–in the 1970s?  What made him angry? 

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 1 Assignment  

The View From the Bottom Rail

What do these oral histories reveal about the lives of slaves prior to and during the Civil War?

What do they reveal about the period in which these interviews took place?

 

 

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 2 Assignment  

The Mirror with a Memory

For This Assignment:

In our reading from After the Fact “Chapter 9: The Mirror with a Memory,” we learned that photographs perhaps do not reflect reality as clearly as we might think.  Based on what you read in this chapter, answer the following question:  How did Jacob Riis’ personal perspectives or biases shape the photographs he produced?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 3 Assignment  

The Meat Inspection Act

For This Assignment:

In our reading from After the Fact “Chapter 10: “USDA Government Inspected” we learned quite a bit about the role of the USDA government inspection.  Based on what you read in this chapter, answer the following question:

When it came to the Meat Inspection Act, how did expanding our “field ofvision” change the way we look at the creation of legislation?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 5 Assignment  

The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb

For This Assignment:

Before responding to this week’s essay question, please read Chapter 13 from your textbook After the Fact.  After you read this chapter, please respond to the following questions:

Ultimately, who decided to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

Why was the decision made to drop these bombs?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 6 Assignment  

The Sit In Movement

For This Assignment:

Before responding to this week’s essay question, please read Chapter 15: Sitting-In from After the Fact from your textbook After the Fact.  After you read this chapter, please respond to the following questions:

How was the “sit-in” movement of 1960 an outgrowth of earlier protests?

 What major differences divided the various groups—SNCC, SCLC, NAACP, CORE, and others—that were active in protesting against white supremacy in the 1960s?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 7 Assignment  

Breaking Into Watergate

Please read “Chapter 16: Breaking into Watergate” from our textbook After the Fact.  When you are done, please respond to the following question:

The audio recordings taken in the Nixon White House would seem to be invaluable pieces of evidence for historians as they try to understand what the President knew and when he knew it. What, however, are the flaws of these tapes? Are they an accurate reflection of the Nixon administration?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 8 Assignment  

Ronald Reagan and NOW

Haven’t Read These Pages Yet? Read Them Now!

The document entitled “Address to the National Association of American Evangelicals 1983 and National Organization for Women Statement of Purpose 1966” found on Canvas.

Once you’ve read these Canvas pages, answer the following questions in the discussion space below.

How might Reagan’s speech have been a reaction to the kind of goals outlined by NOW in 1966?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 1 Quiz   

Question 1In the summer of 1864, William T. Sherman’s army burned what city to the ground?

Atlanta

 Chattanooga

 New Orleans

 Memphis

 Question 2              What was a “McCormick’s Reaper?”

A religious figure who warned about the connection between sin and eternal damnation

 A device used to harvest wheat

 A device used to process rice

 A scary halloween story popular in the post-war South

Question 3This politician from South Carolina argued that voters should view politics as a racial zero sum game.  As such, he encouraged white voters to rally together to prevent black people.

Gustavus Swift

 William Randolph Hearst

 Thaddeus Stevens

 Ben Tillman

Question 4After the Civil War, the US returned to the gold standard and moved away from paper money.

True

 False

 Question 5This journalist wrote about the political uses of lynching in the South.  This journalist claimed that lynching was a tool to inspire fear among black residents in the South to keep them from being politically active.

Ella Baker

 Edward R. Murrow

 Ida B. Wells

 William Randolf Hearst

Question 6What was social darwinism?

A way to explain why some children dominated their siblings

 A social theory invented by psychiatrists to explain why some people found marriage partners while others failed

 An explanation for speciation found in the animal kingdom

 A way to explain why some people succeeded in industrial America while others failed

 Question 7After the death of Frederick Douglass in 1895, this individual arguably became the most prominent advocate for African American rights.  In 1895, he gave a controversial speech in Atlanta in which he called upon African Americans to “cast down their buckets” where they were. 

Booker T. Washington

 Samuel Clemmons

 Anthony Burns

 Lemuel Hayes

Question 8This vice president became president in 1865 when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.

Andrew Johnson

 Edwin Stanton

 William McClellan

 William Seward

 Question 9Who was Cornelius Vanderbilt?

A writer who specialized in tragedies. He eventually wrote several plays that became successful on Broadway

 A foreign diplomat who attempted to bribe President Grover Cleveland but was arrest and executed for treason

 A famous boxer

 A wealthy American who struck it rich as a primary investor in the New York Central railroad company

 Question 10Formed in 1869, this labor organization was widely known as one of the most radical labor unions formed after the Civil War.  It’s reputation was irreparably damaged during the Haymarket Affair in 1886.

CIO

 American Federation of Labor

 Knights of Labor

 UAW

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 2 Quiz   

Question 1This law was designed by people who wanted to bring the reservation system to an end and eventually integrate American Indians into the general US population.  Toward that end, this law divided reservation lands into individual plots for families.

The Volstead Act

 The Enabling Act

 The Homestead Act

 The Dawes Act

 Question 2This individual wrote extensively about his journeys into the mountains and forests of California.  His work inspired the modern environmentalist movement.

Rupert Murdoch

 Gifford Pinchot

 John Muir

 Question 3         This Sioux Indian was sent to a boarding school by his father.  There he was educated as a doctor, and he served as a doctor on the Pine Ridge Reservation for the rest of his life.

 Anthony Johnson

 Charles Eastman

 Geronimo

 Lone Elk

 Question 4This individual wrote the influential book The Influence of Sea Power Upon History in 1890. 

Alfred Thayer Mahan

 Rutherford B. Hayes

 Franklin Roosevelt

 Charles Eastman

Question 5How did American cities accommodate the large number of people who moved to the cities?

All of these

 Electrified streetcars

 Elevated Trains

 Subway lines

Question 6What did “checkerboarding” mean for American Indian reservations?

It was a new game developed on reservations

 A problem in which reservations by 1934 were noncontiguous.

 The term referred to the political divided loyalties of Native Americans by 1947. About half identified as Republican and half as Democrats.

 It was the name of a scam common in the late nineteenth century. It was a bit like a pyramid scheme today.

Question 7The Census Bureau in 1890 declared what?

That only 1/4 of Americans voted

 That the frontier was closed

 That only white men would be counted in that year’s count

Question 8Opened in 1893, this railway station was billed as the largest in the world by those who promoted it. 

Penn Station

 St. Louis Union Station

 Atlanta Junction Center

 Chicago Railway Depot

 Question 9What was a “ghetto?”

A derogatory racial term used to describe immigrants from Poland

 A section of a city inhabited by people who shared cultural, religious, or national similarities

 A special wagon used to transport urban Americans in a rapid way across the city

 A body of land surrounded on three sides by water

 Question 10The explosion of this American ship was the spark that sent William McKinley to Congress in order to ask for a declaration of war against Spain.

USS Missouri

 USS Abraham Lincoln

 USS Monitor

 USS Maine

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 3 Quiz   

Question 1This Progressive politician became president in 1901 when William McKinley was assassinated.

 Teddy Roosevelt

 Woodrow Wilson

 Chester A. Arthur

 Benjamin Harrison

 Question 2This individual wanted to bring rational, science based standards to the management of labor.

 Frederick Taylor

 Dean Loomey

 William Bryan

 Charles Hodge

 Question 3What was Roosevelt’s “Square Deal?”

A promise to preserve individualism by using the tools of government to restrain the worst practices of industrial America

 A program in which Roosevelt helped the working poor by opening up federally sponsored soup kitchens

 A new agency opened up in the federal government that was supposed to make sure that industry followed the latest scientific discoveries in order to make production as efficient as possible

 A socialist reform package

 Question 4What was Woodrow Wilson’s campaign platform in 1912?

New Deal

 New Frontier

 New Freedom

New Nationalism

 Question 5The sinking of this ship encouraged many Americans to call for war against Germany in 1915.

The Susquehanna

 The Titanic

 The Lusitania

 The Chesapeake

 Question 6Why were Progressives generally opposed to the Payne-Aldrich Tariff?

They thought that the tariff showed that Congress had been taken over by industrial lobbyists. Congress—they believed—were wiling to hurt American consumers in order to help wealthy industrialists

 They thought the tariff would hurt American workers because they would lose access to steel

 They thought the US should be promoting democracy overseas

 They thought it was wrong to support Apartheid government in South Africa

Question 7What did Woodrow Wilson say he wanted in his declaration of war message to Congress in 1917?

To utterly destroy Germany and replace it with 5 separately governed principalities

 To contain communism where it already existed

 To allow for national self-determination in Europe

 To erase fascism from the European continent

 Question 8What was the Zimmerman Telegram?

A message sent from the US ambassador to the United Kingdom denouncing unrestricted submarine warfare

 A secret message sent to Mexico by Germany in an attempt to make Mexico an ally of Germany

 A popular dance performed when audiences heard ragtime music

 A popular anti-war play performed in 1917

 Question 9This movie inspired the revitalization of the Ku Klux Klan.

Gone with the Wind

 Journey to the Moon

 Metropolis

 Birth of a Nation

 Question 10Who was Margaret Foley?

 The first woman to serve as Secretary of Labor under the Roosevelt administration

 The inventor of peanut butter

 A journalist who wrote about the political uses of lynching

 A working class Irish immigrant who had been involved in labor politics in Boston

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 4 Quiz   

Why were many Americans fearful of international influences following World War I?  How did the post-war reaction impact African Americans?

According to Teddy Roosevelt, what was wrong with industrialization, and what should governments do to fix these problems?

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 5 Quiz   

Question 1Artist Norman Rockwell helped to create this iconic image of women working in World War II.  These fictionalized images of women workers suggested—through bulging muscles and other characteristics—that women workers were capable of performing the same kinds of labor as men.

Rosie the Riveter

 Connie the Welder

 Norma Gene

 Gloria Steinam

 Question 2Written by George Kennan—who was then serving as the US ambassador in Moscow—in 1946, this document would dramatically shape US policy toward the Soviet Union after World War II.

The Short Telegram

 The Long Telegram

 Capital Volume II

 The Zimmerman Telegram

 Question 3Limited by the Neutrality Act of 1935—yet wanting to do something to prevent the fall of Britain—Franklin Roosevelt began what program?  Though not technically violating the Neutrality Act, Roosevelt’s actions were clearly aimed to protect Britain from a German invasion.

   The Tippecanoe Agreement

 Berlin Airlift

 Loan and Forgive

 Lend Lease

 Question 4After the Soviet Union cut off road access to Berlin, the US and its allies did what to try and get supplies to Berlin?

Used container ships to get Berlin supplies

 Agreed to hand over Czechoslovakia in exchange for the Soviet Union lifting the blockade

 Dug tunnels under Soviet lines

 Flew the supplies in

 Question 5In 1949, the Chinese Communist Party defeated this political party in China.  The remnants of this political party fled to what is now Taiwan.  To this day, the government in Taiwan claims to be the official representatives of China.

Taiwan Solidarity Union

Falun Gong

 New Dawn

 Kuomintang

 Question 6At this meeting of the so-called “Big Three,” Harry Truman attempted to boss the leader of the Soviet Union around.  Truman suggested that the US had a super weapon in its possession, and the leader of the Soviet Union told Truman that he hoped the US would have success using it to bring the war in the Pacific to an end.

Manilla

Dresden

Potsdam

 Vladivostok

 Question 7In Europe, World War II began when Germany invaded what nation in September 1939?  Shortly after this invasion, Britain and France declared war on Germany.

Poland

 Czechoslovakia

 Yugoslavia

 Hungary

 Question 8This leader within the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters—a predominantly African American union—forced the Roosevelt Administration to develop policies to ensure fair employment for African Americans.  This union’s planned march on Washington D.C. forced Roosevelt to do something to ensure fair employment opportunities for African American workers during World War II.

George Gershwin

 A Philip Randolph

 Marcus Garvey

 W.E.B. Du Bois

  Question 9What was the name Harry Truman gave to the program of reform that he hoped to pass after World War II?

Fair Deal

 New Freedom

 Square Deal

 New Frontier

 Question 10Created outside of Oakland, California this suburban community developed around a new Ford Motor Company factory.  The United Auto Workers union at this factory was integrated and insisted that the suburban community be integrated rather than racially segregated.  A lengthy court battle eventually allowed for this community to become a racially integrated community.

   Berkley

Anaheim

San Jose

Milpitas

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 6 Quiz   

Question 1This woman worked for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference until she became convinced this organization was working too slowly toward the goal of black freedom.  After she left, she helped black college students organize the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

Shirley Chisholm

Rosa Parks

 Ida B. Wells

 Ella Baker

Question 2In 1963, this US president was assassinated.

John F. Kennedy

 Lyndon Johnson

Chester A. Arthur

 William McKinley

 Question 3This person became the Republican nominee for president in 1964.  He was portrayed as a dangerous extremist, and he went down to disastrous defeat in 1964.  His candidacy, however, a new direction within the Republican Party.

Ronald Reagan

 Henry George

 Barry Goldwater

 Thomas Dewey

 Question 4After this incident in 1964, Lyndon Johnson went to Congress to ask for the money he thought the military needed to dramatically expand America’s role in Vietnam.

Gulf of Tonkin Incident

 Tet Offensive

 My Lai

 Attack on the US Embassy in Saigon

 Question 5In 1963, violence erupted in this Southern city.  The police and fire department used fire hoses and police dogs to attack peaceful protesters.  In the same year, white supremacists detonated a bomb in the same city killing 4 young girls.

Tallahassee

  Birmingham

Montgomery

 New Orleans

 Question 6Founded in Oakland, California in 1968 this political party represented the frustrations of many urban African Americans.  In some ways, this political party attempted to create an alternative government in Oakland that provided healthcare, food, and other services needed by Oakland’s African American population.

Black Panther Party

UNIA

 Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

 Question 7This Republican nominee won the presidential election of 1968.

Barry Goldwater

 Dwight Eisenhower

 Richard Nixon

 Ronald Reagan

 Question 8Worried that the independence movement was pro-communist, President Eisenhower sent military aid and financial support—but not combat troops—to this nation. American involvement thus began in 1954.

   Bangladesh

Korea

Angola

Vietnam

Question 9This referendum in California would have allowed California homeowners to engage in racial discrimination when they sold their homes.  Though the referendum passed in 1964, it was only briefly legally enforceable as the California Supreme Court ruled that the new law violated the California state constitution.

Proposition 27

 Proposition 1

Proposition B

 Proposition 14Question 10This law made it illegal for private business providing public accommodations—like restaurants and hotels—to engage in racial discrimination.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964

 The Fair Deal Amendment of 1960

 The Rush Bagot Agreement of 1970

 The Interstate Commerce Law of 1968

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 7 Quiz   

Question 1President Carter created a landmark peace deal between what two nations?

The USSR and Afghanistan

 Saudi Arabia and Iran

 Afghanistan and Tajikistan

 Egypt and Israel

Question 2In a failed effort to win the 1976 Republican nomination for president, Ronald Reagan used this phrase to suggest many were cheating the welfare system.  Many accused Reagan of validating negative stereotypes about African Americans in the process.

“Dark Cheating”

 “Racial Irresponsibility”

 “Welfare Queens”

 “Welfare Thugs”

 Question 3US support for this nation in 1973 led OPEC to declare an oil embargo against the United States.

Israel

 The United Kingdom

 Egypt

 Cuba

Question 4The Democratic Party had an office in this Washington D.C. hotel in 1972.  A group of burglars were arrested trying to break in to the hotel, and some journalists investigated potential connections between these burglars and the Committee to Reelect the President.

Ramada

 Watergate

 Washington Towers

 Holiday Inn

 Question 5This Democratic nominee for president in 1976 ran as an outsider candidate.  He won the election.

 Dean Acheson

 Jimmy Carter

 George H.W. Bush

 Gerald Ford

Question 6During his administration.  Nixon eased tensions with Communist China and the USSR.  He negotiated a landmark ICBM treaty with the USSR and he walked on the Great Wall of China with Mao Zedong, the leader of the Chinese Communist Party.  What was this period of easing tensions with the USSR and China called?

Detente

 The Great Leap Forward

 Abridgment

 The Treaty of Paris

 Question 7What was the “Nixon Doctrine?”

Continued commitment to containing communism but a refusal to use US ground troops to do it

 A belief that executive privilege prevented any Congressional investigations into the executive branch

 A more humanitarian approach to foreign affairs

 An expansion of US military commitments to Vietnam and other areas where communism appeared to be spreading including Thailand and Angola.

Question 8The negative economic climate of the 1970s featured rising unemployment and inflation.  Economists were unsure how to fix these dual problems.  What was this negative economic climate called?

Stagflation

 The Great Speculative Bubble

 The Moderate Depression

 The Great Recession

Question 9Students in what nation stormed the US embassy in 1979 and held the embassy staff hostage?

Argentina

 Egypt

 Nigeria

 Iran

Question 10What was ERA?

The average inflation rate between 1970 and 1981

 It stood for Environmental Regulation Amendment, a proposed Constitutional amendment that was intended to define the natural world as a person

 The average number of US troops killed each year between 1975 and 1982 in the global effort to contain communism

 It stood for the Equal Rights Amendment, a proposed Constitutional amendment that was intended to guarantee equal protections for women

 

HIST122 History from 1877 to Present

Week 8 Quiz   

How did Jimmy Carter alter the “Nixon Doctrine?”  Why did many conservative activists feel that the Carter administration was a disaster?

How did World War II shape the US domestically?  How did the war change women’s roles?  How did the war shape African Americans’ expectations?

 

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