History Part 1,2,3 – What did Early Greek philosophy

History Questions

Part 1

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1. What did Early Greek philosophy seek to do?

a.eliminate diversity from the world

b.explain the universe on the basis of unifying principles

c.undermine traditional aristocratic Greek society

d.turn all Greeks away from the world and toward contemplation

e.replace the gods and religion in the lives of the Greeks with pure reason

2. Who ruled in the perfect type of society did Plato imagined in The Republic?

a.Warriors

b.Workers

c.Women

d.philosopher-kings

e.Poets

3. Which of the following statements best describes the Sophists?

a.Sophists were professional teachers who seemingly questioned the traditional values of their societies.

b.Sophists had Socrates as their chief spokesman.

c.Sophists were led by Plato and emphasized rote memory in education.

d.They questioned traditional Greek religion and, instead, worshiped the Egyptian god Isis.

e.They were expelled from Athens at the beginning of the fifth century, never to return.

4. Why was Socrates condemned to death?

a.corrupting the youth of Athens

b.leading a political coup attempt

c.killing one of his followers in a rage

d.marrying his cousin and committing bigamy

e.opposing the Peloponnesian War

5. At which location did Alexander the Great’s troops rebel when he made the decision to invade and capture it?

a.Arabia

b.Pergamum

c.India

d.Cochin

e.Bactria

6. Which of the following statements about the Macedonians is correct?

a.They were greatly admired by the Greeks for their cultural achievements.

b.They were probably not Greek.

c.They were an urban people organized in city states like the southern Greeks.

d.They never participated in the Olympic Games.

e.Philip II turned Macedonia into the chief power in the Middle East.

7. How did Demosthenes depict Philip in his Philippics?

a.He portrayed Philip II as a looming threat to Greek freedom.

b.He foresaw a revival of Athenian culture under Philip II.

c.He glorified Philip II and the Macedonian armies as the saviors of Greece.

d.He praised Philip II for freeing the Ionian cities.

e.He portrayed Philip II as a looming threat to Persia.

8. What happened at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 B.C.E.?

a.Philip II was killed, leaving Alexander in control of Greece.

b.Philip II drove the Persian navy out of the Aegean Sea.

c.Philip II unified Macedon for the first time in its history.

d.Philip II suffered a humiliating defeat.

e.Philip II defeated the Greek poleis, ending their independence.

 

Part 2

1. What statement best describes Roman religion?

a.Religion was a minimal aspect of Roman society.

b.Religion was a central part of Roman public and familial life with the worship of gods for practical purposes.

c.Roman gods were creations unique to their society.

d.Roman religion was monotheistic.

e.Roman religion encouraged social equality.

2. Which of the following was not an advantage in the construction of Roman roads?

a.The roads were well-constructed with tightly fit stones and provisions for draining.

b.The roads enhanced the means of communication and transportation.

c.The roads facilitated the movement of the military.

d.The roads linked conquered towns with Rome.

e.The roads followed the contours of the land to create difficulties for enemies.

3. What was the most formidable power that the Romans faced in the Mediterranean?

a.Carthage

b.Pella

c.Corinth

d.Syracuse

e.Messana

4. What was the result of the Third Punic War?

a.An alliance was created between Rome and Carthage.

b.It resulted in the complete destruction and subjugation of Carthage.

c.Rome lost mastery of the Mediterranean Sea.

d.Rome was sacked.

e.Julius Caesar came to power.

5. Which Roman writer is most closely associated with the development of a new poetry at the end of the Roman Republic?

a.Sallust

b.Cicero

c.Catullus

d.Plutarch

e.Virgil

6. What was the impact of Italy’s geography on the development of Rome?

a.It provided little productive land for agriculture.

b.It divided the peninsula into small isolated communities.

c.It made Rome a natural crossroads and an area easy to defend.

d.It made the conquering of the Mediterranean a difficult task.

e.It created the same difficult environment as in Greece, thus making political unity difficult.

7. What was/were the Twelve Tables?

a.The Twelve Tables was the meeting place of the Roman Senate.

b.They were used to record and inspire a new religious cult in Rome.

c.They were the arts of the Roman festival celebrating spring’s arrival.

d.They were the only place in Rome where patricians and plebeians could meet together.

e.It was the first formal codification of Roman law and customs.

8. What statement best describes the position of the Roman Dictator?

a.It was a temporary executive during the period of the Republic.

b.The dictator exercised unlimited power for a period of usually six months.

c.The dictator was responsible for getting Rome involved in the Punic Wars.

d.all the above

e.a and b

 

Part 3

1. Who was the greatest historian of the “silver age” of Latin literature?

a.Petronius

b.Tacitus

c.Seneca

d.Juvenal

e.Suetonius

2. Which of the following statements best describes Romanization in the Roman Empire?

a.It occurred quickly in the west.

b.It developed first in the lower classes.

c.It saw Latin illuminate the use of the Greek language in the east.

d.It never included the practice of allowing local inhabitants to become Roman officials.

e.It occurred more quickly in the east than the west because of greater urbanization in the east.

3. Which of the following statements was true of the social classes during the early Roman Empire?

a.Provincials were allowed to hold certain high magisterial positions.

b.The power of the equestrian class was expanded.

c.The Senate was expanded to include 400 equestrians.

d.Debt slavery was ended as a means to acquire slaves.

e.Independent farms made up the soldiers in Rome’s legions.

4. Which of the following was not a reason for the appeal of the mystery religions of the Hellenistic east?

a.Teachings promised advantages not available in Roman religion.

b.Rituals provided deep emotional appeal.

c.Communion with spiritual beings offered an opportunity for purification.

d.Mystery religions were suppressed by the emperors.

e.The mystery religions spread easily from the east to the west.

5. Which of the following did not occur during the reigns of the five “good emperors”?

a.a period of peace for approximately 100 years

b.the establishment of educational programs for the poor

c.the end of imperial bureaucratic growth

d.extensive building programs

e.an era of prosperity

6. Which of the following was among Augustus’s key innovations in Roman provincial rule?

a.abandonment of North Africa

b.division of Roman provinces into those ruled directly by the princeps and the senatorial provinces administered by the Senate

c.use of military governors alone

d.complete revision of provincial tax policies

e.creation of a federal system wherein provincial governors had almost complete power

7. For what is the “golden age” historian Livy best known?

a.rejection of Latin prose in favor of Greek poetic forms

b.perceiving history in terms of sharp moral lessons

c.factual accuracy and critical judgment toward his sources and Rome’s past

d. Epistles, which portrayed Rome as a degenerate society in a state of collapse

e.history of the Trojan Wars, which was the subject of the Aeneid

8. What statement best describes the Roman army during the Early Empire (14-180 C.E.)?

a.It became increasingly supplied with men from provinces conquered by Rome.

b.It was dominated by only Italian legionaries.

c.It was successful in invading Gaul.

d.It became corrupt due to nepotism.

e.It became mostly made up of German soldiers, although Romans remained the officers.

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